Migrating from Magento 1.x to 2.0
Tuesday, September 3, 2019
Posted by: Gary Hotze
Chet Tambe, CEO, Avion Technology
We are now at the beginning of September 2019 with only about a year to upgrade your existing Magento 1.x store to the latest Magento 2.x. According to BuiltWith, a total of 192,784 live websites worldwide are using Magento out of which 65,018 Magento websites are in the US. In this article, we will focus on the necessity and steps towards the migration of your existing Magento 1.0 store to the latest Magento 2.0.
Why Upgrade from Magento 1.0 to Magento 2.0?
Magento has stopped the release of any new features in the Magento 1.x versions as of now, excluding the security updates.
As per the blog published by Magento, they will stop the official support for the Magento 1.x versions and stop releasing new security updates after June 2020. ( Link: https://magento.com/blog/magento-news/supporting-magento-1-through-june-2020). All the customizations that you will do on your Magento 1.x version will need to be replicated within the Magento 2.x version.
Is it worth migrating?
To remain ahead in the uber-competitive ecommerce world, you need an eCommerce platform that is both scalable and robust. Magento 2 is the one that has the functionality to provide engaging and seamless buying experiences for the client. And this is often the one thing that Magento 2.0 offers in plenty. Magento provides you with a secure foundation that also has the scalability and flexibility to let your business succeed.
Apart from the scalability and flexibility, there are various advantages of migrating to Magento 2.0 like a more user-friendly checkout, enhanced security, more responsiveness on mobile devices, improved customization, more search engine friendly, simplified and smooth product upload, advanced reporting, future improvements, and releases.
Planning the migration.
At Avion (www.aviontechnology.net), we treat the migration process as a platform switch, not just a mere version upgrade. Magento has changed its 2.0 architecture completely; the layouts, modules, and extensions are all completely different. They have also introduced a lot of technologies like Knockout.js and Less CSS. This is no easy and quick switch. It requires a lot of planning and organizational buy-in.
Migrating the website from Magento 1.x to Magento 2.x is as good as developing the website from scratch. The modules need to be re-built, themes are not portable, so we must re-write the themes; the structure of layouts are different, and also the plug-in architecture is different.
During the migration planning process, a Project Manager needs to prepare a thorough plan which has the strategy and the goals laid out clearly with the expected objectives. They make sure that they know the inside out of the project from ground level to the top level. The plan also includes how to re-factor the existing process and improve it to increase the efficiency of the new store. Decide what you need to keep - remove all unwanted extensions which you do not need. Check the stuff you did not implement in Magento 1 and explore the new features available in Magento 2. This helps in providing better customer experience along with the added security.
Understanding the Magento 1 to Magento 2 Migration Process
As far as the migration process is concerned, it can take plenty of time and effort as this process is pretty complex and involves a lot of customizations. Your dev team will need to take the following four steps while planning the switch from Magento 1.x to 2.x :
1. Theme Migration
2. Extension Migration
3. Customization Migration
4. Data Migration
You will need to develop a new theme for Magento 2 as direct migration of Magento 1 theme is not feasible. You can hire a team of designers and developers to re-create the current theme, or you can take advantage of this opportunity to re-design the complete store with new and attractive layout.
You cannot use any existing Magento 1.x as they are non-transferrable due to code version conflicts. There are many extensions available in the Magento marketplace which are compatible with Magento 2.X. If certain extensions are not available then you can get the extension custom developed.
Magento provides a Code Migration Toolkit to support you with the code customization process. This process is tricky, and you will need technical knowledge to confirm the custom code is migrated successfully and works efficiently.
Magento provides a Data Migration Toolkit to support you with the data migration process. This is the most vital step and requires considerable knowledge of Magento 2 Database Migration. The client information and store data are important for a company. This process is complex as it involves the migration of the existing clients, orders, products, and store settings.
The Magento framework is probably the most easy to use, yet robust e-commerce framework out there. However, you do need to have its most current version running in order to make the most of what Magento has to offer. Please make sure you make the switch to 2.X before 1.X becomes obsolete.
Magento Migration: A Poem
If your current ecommerce solution is a colossal bore
Why don’t you try a Magento Ecommerce Store
But, wait, if you are already running a Magento solution
Have you contemplated a version migration?
Now, why this upgrade, you may ask
Though it might seem an uphill, arduous task
Magento 1.x is becoming obsolete we hear
Official support will end in July 2020 we fear
So what makes 2.0 the weapon of choice?
Is its flexibility, scalability or responsiveness on a mobile device?
Is it the superior SEO friendliness or advanced dashboard reporting?
Or its ease of core customization and mass product importing?
Okay, so now you are down
2.0 is coming to town
Get the organization out of hibernation
We are going in for a Magento version migration!
Planning the migration is no easy feat
You need expert help to ensure its neat
Remember, Magento 2.0 is a completely new baby
The layouts, modules and themes will drive y’all crazy
The migration is a 4 part process
Get closer, let me tell you a secret
Theme, extension, customization, data
These are the 4 actors in this theater
Develop a new theme,
Build new extensions,
Port over the custom code,
Finish off with a data migration
Lets raise our glasses to better e-commerce
Hope you are still alive at the end of this verse
Wishing that your store takes you on the path to prosperity
If you need directions, remember yours truly!
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